It's important to learn about diamonds and what gives them their true beauty and value. At Mon Ami we give you an in-depth look at diamonds and the process they take from mine to the beautiful jewelry they are placed in... Learn More
A diamond's true value comes from the 4 major characteristics that make up the heart of a diamond. The cut, color, clarity and carat weight are what give a diamond it's beauty, it's brilliance and ultimately it's value. We have taken a historical approach to show you what truly defines a diamond's characteristics. The history of the diamond goes back some 6,000 years to it's first mining done in India. Diamonds over the last 200 years have seen true growth in the world economy, and today a diamond's value can be graded on the many facets that make up it's value.
The cut of a diamond does not refer to it's shape, where natural instinct would tell you, rather we are interested in the proportions of the diamond. A diamond regardless of it's shape whether round, princess, pear, marquise or oval gets it's brilliance based on the cutting and polishing of the diamond facets which allow the maximum amount of light to enter and reflect and disperse through the top of the diamond. A diamond can be cut to shallow or too deep, which does not allow the light to be reflected back through the top and ultimately does not allow the maximum beauty of the diamond to be realized.
The color of a diamond is a natural occurrence and can range in every color of the rainbow. A diamond's color has a significant impact on the appearance and value of the diamond. and A diamond that is colorless completely allows the light to pass through and be dispersed as the colors of the rainbow. The color scale of a diamond can range from D being colorless to Z being light yellow.
The clarity is determined based on the inclusions found on a diamond, which can be considered nature's birthmarks and are the characteristics that make a stone unique. Clarity is determined by the amount and location of these inclusions in the diamond when viewed under 10 power (10x) magnification. The majority of diamonds sold commercially have inclusions which are undetectable to the untrained eye. GIA rates clarity grades in diamonds on a scale from Flawless to Imperfect 3.
The carat is the standard unit of measurement used when measuring the weight of diamonds and gemstones. Carat weight is measured to three decimal points and is rounded to the nearest hundredth. The rarity of larger, high-quality diamonds has resulted in significant price escalations between sizes. For instance, a one-carat diamond can command four to six times more than a half-carat diamond.